Peter Hom

Professor
Faculty
TEMPE Campus
Mailcode
4006
Professor
Faculty
TEMPE Campus
Mailcode
4006

Biography

Peter Hom historically investigated the validity of theories about why employees voluntarily quit, the efficacy of realistic job previews for deterring turnover among new hires, and the form of the performance-turnover relationship (which determines “turnover functionality”). More recently, he is examining how leaders and how they treat subordinates influence subordinate turnover (e.g., leader turnover, leader use of influence tactics, leader-member exchange differentiation). Further, he is assessing the applicability of prevailing (Western-based) turnover models for explaining why Chinese and Mexican precariat workforces quit low-wage jobs.  Complementing this focus on leaving, he now studies why employees stay (job embeddedness), identifying the forces embedding them in jobs and communities.  This new inquiry reveals that employees overly embedded in jobs may become “reluctant stayers,” who display worse job attitudes and job loyalty, while finding that community or family embeddedness may counteract the loyalty-sustaining effects of job embeddedness in collectivist cultures. His current projects seek to clarify how human resource management practices affect collective turnover in Brazil, identify critical moderators of the impact of supervisory departures on employee quits, and specify causal antecedents that occasion different leaving or staying mindsets.

Education

  • Ph.D. Psychology, University of Illinois-Champaign 1979
  • M.A. Psychology, University of California-Berkeley 1974
  • B.A. Psychology, New York University 1972

Research Interests

I have mostly researched why employees quit their jobs, testing various turnover theories and ways to retain them (notably, realistic job previews). Recently, I have begun studying why people stay in jobs as turnover theories poorly explain the psychology behind staying. Thus, I have recently published a theory about motivational mindsets for organizational participation, identifying the origins for different mindsets and their impact on various workplace behaviors. Extending my growing interest in cross-cultural differences in turnover causes, I am investigating the validity of job embeddedness theory for explaining why Chinese and Mexican manufacturing workers in export-oriented processing zones stay or leave. Further, I am examining how managers attempt to retain valued employees who may be recruited away by competing firms, developing a survey measure based on mate-guarding tactics (how people ward off rivals who would poach their mates) from evolutionary psychology.

Publications

  • Hom, P., Mitchell, T., Lee, T., & Griffeth, R. (2012).  Reviewing employee turnover: Focusing on proximal withdrawal states and an expanded criterion.  Psychological Bulletin, 138, 831-858.
  • Hom, P., & Xiao, Z. (2011). Embedding social capital: How guanzi ties reinforce Chinese employees' retention.  Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes.  116, 188-202.
  • Hom, P., Tsui, A., Wu, J., & Lee, T., Zhang, Y., Fu, P.P., & Li, Lan (2009). "Why do Chinese managers stay?: A multilevel inquiry into the mediating role of social exchange and job embeddedness." Journal of Applied Psychology, 94, 277-297.
  • Hom, P., Roberson, L., & Ellis, A. (2008). "Challenging conventional wisdom about who quits: Revelations about employee turnover from corporate America." Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 1-34.
  • Salamin, A., & Hom, P. (2005). "In search of the elusive U-shaped performance-turnover relationship: Are high performing Swiss bankers more liable to quit?" Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 1204-1216.

Research Activity

  • Hom,Peter Wah*. Proximal States of Organizational Participation and Withdrawal: Measurement Development and Theory Validation. OHIO(1/10/2013 - 1/10/2015).
  • Hom,Peter Wah*. An Extended Model of Social Embeddedness: Applying Social Network Theory to Enrich Job Embeddedness Theory. SHRM(1/1/2009 - 10/31/2011).
  • Hom,Peter Wah*. TURNOVER IN PUB. SECTOR MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE AGENCIES. AZ DEPT OF HEALTH SERVICES(12/1/1991 - 5/31/1992).
  • Shunk,Dan Louis*, Hom,Peter Wah. MANAGING DESIGN SYSTEMS IN MANUFACTURING. UNIV OF MICHIGAN(8/15/1990 - 12/31/1992).

Courses

Fall 2019
Course NumberCourse Title
MGT 320Organizational Behavior
MGT 492Honors Directed Study
MGT 792Research
MGT 799Dissertation
Summer 2019
Course NumberCourse Title
MGT 792Research
Spring 2019
Course NumberCourse Title
MGT 320Organizational Behavior
MGT 792Research
MGT 799Dissertation
Fall 2018
Course NumberCourse Title
MGT 320Organizational Behavior
MGT 792Research
MGT 799Dissertation
Summer 2018
Course NumberCourse Title
MGT 792Research
Spring 2018
Course NumberCourse Title
MGT 320Organizational Behavior
MGT 792Research
MGT 799Dissertation
Fall 2017
Course NumberCourse Title
MGT 320Organizational Behavior
MGT 792Research
MGT 799Dissertation
Summer 2017
Course NumberCourse Title
MGT 792Research
Spring 2017
Course NumberCourse Title
MGT 320Organizational Behavior
MGT 792Research
MGT 799Dissertation
Fall 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
MGT 320Organizational Behavior
MGT 792Research
MGT 799Dissertation
Spring 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
MGT 792Research
MGT 799Dissertation
Fall 2015
Course NumberCourse Title
MGT 320Organizational Behavior
MGT 792Research
MGT 799Dissertation
Spring 2015
Course NumberCourse Title
MGT 792Research
MGT 799Dissertation

Honors/Awards

  • Admission to Society for Organizational Behavior (SOB membership), September, 2010
  • Ranked #207 of the most highly cited management scholar (Aguinis, Suarez-Gonzalez, Lannelongue, & Joo, 2012 Scholarly Impact Revisited, Academy of Management Perspectives, 26, 105-132)
  • Scholarly Achievement Award, Human Resources Division of the Academy of Management, 1992
  • Listed as One of the Most Published Authors in the Journal of Applied Psychology and Personnel Psychology During the 1990s by Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology
  • Best Paper Award in Organizational Behavior, national meeting of the Academy of Management, 1987

Editorships

Editorial Board

  • Academy of Management Journal, 1994-1996, 1997-1999, 2001-2013
  • Journal of Management, 1995-1999, 2005-present
  • Journal of Applied Psychology, 1996-2007

Work History

Arizona State University: 1984-present. Previous Appointments: Kent State University.